1896- 1897: Theodor Herzl and the First Zionist Congress

Theodor Herzl’s, “The Jewish State” (translated).

A visionary activist widely regarded as the father of modern Zionism writes “The Jewish State,” which argues that the answer to antisemitism is Jewish national self-determination.

The First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland.

Theodor Herzl convenes the First Zionist Congress, which adopts the Basel program, calling for the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel. Theodor Herzl later wrote in his journal: “In Basel, I founded the Jewish State… In … fifty years, everyone will realize it.” The Congress also established the World Zionist Organization. The Basel program set the following goals:

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