1919 : Partition of the Ottoman Empire

After World War I and the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the British and the French carve up the Middle East between them. Syria and Lebanon fall under French rule, while the modern-day Israel and Jordan become part of the British Mandate for Palestine.

Treaty of Versailles

Following the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in World War I, the newly-formed League of Nations grants Britain ‘Mandatory’ control over what is now Israel, the West Bank, Gaza, and Jordan.


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